Bituminous Shale Co. Advertisements, 1850

type: Beyond Scotland - Dorset

The North Wales Chronicle
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Bituminous Shale Co. Advertisements

Excellent Manure

MR. A. R. MARTIN, of the North Wales Chronicle Office Castle-street, Bangor, begs to announce to Land Owners, Gentlemen, and Tenant-farmers, that he has been appointed Agent, for the whole of North Wales, to the Bituminous Shale Company, for the sale of their Cheap and Excellent Manure, and will be happy to receive orders which will be promptly executed.

The Bituminous Shale, commonly called Kimmeridge Coal or Clay, is a combination of animal and vegetable remains, found on the coast of Dorsetshire in a tract of land near Wareham, of which the above Company are lessees, Having first undergone a process of distillation, by which are produced, in considerable quantities, a Mineral oil or spirit, and Asphaltum; the Carbonaceous residuum, in a pulverized state, is carefully manufactured, with other matters, into a MANURE which has been used by numerous persons on various crops with most satisfactory results.

It has found to be most successful where drilled in with the seed; having forcing properties which assist materially the early growth of the plant, it is strongly recommended by the company for pasture lands, clove, turnips, and all green and root crops. The very moderate price at which the Directors are enabled to offer offer to the Public this newly discovered compound (viz. £2 10s. per ton) can scarcely fail to insure its being almost universally applied, especially as it has been found in its effects to be superior to any other artificial Manure now in use. It may also be remarked, that as the Shale itself is inexhaustible, so the supply of the Manure will be uniform, and without any risk of deterioration or variation in the analysis.


Cuthbert Johnson, Esq., one of the most recent authorities on manuring, especially notices the effect of raw unground Shale on a crop of hay, gives an analysis of the ground article, and recommands Carbonization, as adopted by the Company. William Bullock Webster, Esq., of Hounsdown, near Southampton, an eminent agricultural engineer, has spoken in favour of this Manure, as follows:

" There can be no doubt but that the Manure made from the Residuum is most valuable, particularly for strong clay soils. I have seen such good results from it in the production of grass and all kinds of root crops, that I feel quite certain of its value. It must also, I think, be a great sweetener to a sour soil."

Mr. James Cuthill, of Denmark Hill, Camberwell, an eminent Nurseryman and Florist, has given, unsolicited, the following testimony to the value of the Shale Manure:

" February 8th, 1850. I am quite convinced of the richness of your Manure. The roots of the various plants which I tried with it, ran through it and out through it in all directions, but I have been thinking of a plan that would make it still richer; I shall take an early day next week and call upon you; I shall be too proud of anything I can do or find out to promote the sale of this most valuable article,"

The following additional testimony has been published by the same gentleman in an interesting pamphlet on the culture of fruit and vegetables-

" This year, Mr. Braithwaite sent me a cask of Schiste, a Bituminous earth, and I tried it, and found the effect excellent upon young cucumbers, melons, strawberries, and indeed, upon plants in general."

The following letters have been received on the subject of the Manure from gentlemen who have used it to some extent; and, by their kind permission, the Directors are enabled to avail themselves of them. (COPY.)

"Wolverton Park, 27th May, 1850. " My dear Ricardo,- I must tell you I have taken great notice of the progress of your Shale Manure. On the 24th February, I laid down on fifteen acres of Grass land, the common dressing of farm yard manure; and about the 27th of March, I covered twenty-five acres adjoining, with 5 tons 4 cwt, of your Shale Manure ; from present appearances there is every prospect of the latter being an enormous crop, and infinitely superior to that treated with the farm manure, notwithstanding the former was a month earlier on the ground. Very truly yours, PAGET."

* Note it may be here stated, that the result of this crop fully bore out the above testimonial.

"The Auberies," Sudbury, Suffolk, July 29th, 1850. ' Sir,-I have tried the Shale Manure on Turnips, with and without Farmyard Manure, in a field with several other experiments of different artificial Manures, and am happy to say I can report most favourably of it; those manured with the Shale having bearded from two to four days sooner than any of the others." I am, Sir, Your obedient Servant, CALEDON ALEXANDER"
"Winfrith, Dorset, July 29th, 1850. "Sir,-The Shale Manure I purchased of you has given the greatest satisfaction. I consider it a cheap and powerful manure for Turnips. I am, Sir, Yours, &c. THOMAS RANDALL." "N.B.-The quantity used was 3 cwt. per acre, with about 30 bushels of Ashes.
" Philliols, Dorset, October let, 1850. " Sir,-I had 10 cwt. of your Shale Manure, which I drilled with ashes on 2 acres of light soil, and it produced a very good crop of Turnips. I remain, Yours truly, THOMAS INGRAM."

The price of the Shale Manure is £2. 10s. per Ton- including bags, at the Wharf used by the Company in London. The quantity to be used is from three to five cwt. per acre, according to the nature of the soil and crops


Mr. Martin also has to offer, from the works of the same Company, a Capital Varnish Paint, which is well adapted for private use and may be applied to Iron, Wood and Plaster, and has one great advantage-that it dries in the course of a few minutes.

The North Wales Chronicle, 30th November 1850


(From the North Wales Chronicle)

We a few weeks ago drew the attention of our agriculturists to this manure, which, it realises what is presented of it by the company engaged producing it, is decidedly the best, as it is the cheapest, yet discovered. We take the following note of its preparation from the City article of the London Times, published on of November last:—

" Sir.—The statement that appeared The Times on the 1st inst., with respect to Irish peat and Owen's experiments thereon appears to have excited great interest in the public mind, and has been observed upon a great portion of the press. The world are very apt to take cognizance of what is going on at a distance, apparently heedless or ignorant of what is taking place nearer home."

"The object of this communication, you should think it deserving of a place, is to inform your readers that experiments, very similar character, and with a view of producing very nearly the same result's, have been for some time in operation at Wareham, in Dorsetshire, and that the company under whose auspices they are undertaken are now actually erecting in that locality 100 retorts, with a view of immediately bringing their products into the London and other markets."

"The only difference appears to be the substance upon which they work, which in this case is what has been usually called Kimmeridge coal. Its more proper appellation should be ' bituminous shale or schist,' being according to the opinions of geologists, a combination of animal and vegetable remains It is found in great quantities on a continuous tract of about four miles of land on the coast of Dorsetshire, of which the Bituminous Shale Company,' as it is called, are now the sole lessees."

"The following are the products of the shale after it has undergone what technically termed a highly destructive distillation—mineral oil or spirits, asphaltum, grease, paraffine, the residuum, after being crushed, forming the basis of what is fully expected will prove an extremely valuable manure. As the peat, sulphate of ammonia is, found to exist considerable quantities, and also phosphate of lime. It is not intended, however, to offer these substances to the public by themselves, but to mix them with the residuum or manure, the chymical virtues of which will thereby be considerably enhanced."

" It is not my purpose to draw any comparison, still less an invidious one, between the intrinsic merits of bituminous shale and Irish peat, or the prices at which it is possible to bring their respective productions into the markets. I firmly believe that there is full scope for both; but I think it is only fair that the fact should equally be made known that a company such as the 'Bituminous Shale Company' is actually in existence, with works abutting on a railway station, and in direct and easy communication with the metropolis, and which will be prepared before the close of the year to supply the London markets with a large quantity of mineral oil or spirit, besides other highly valuable products, at a lower price than they have ever yet been offered to the public. It should also be remembered, that as the material upon which they work is unlimited in its extent, so the supply to be drawn therefrom will be regulated and restrained solely by the demand that may. be made upon it."

"I cannot forbear calling your particular attention to the low price of the manure, 10s per ton, which I honestly believe will prove a real boon to the agriculturist. The quantity to be used is from three to five cwt. per acre. It has been tried on various crops with the most satisfactory results, and has been pronounced by more than one eminent agriculturist to be equal in its effects to guano, phosphate of lime, or any other artificial manure now in use. "

I have the honour to be, &c,

"Well-wisher to both Shale and Peat."

The Sussex Advertiser 31st December 1850

To Agriculturists

BITUMINOUS SHALE COMPANY, Office, 145 Upper Thames St. London

WORKS: WAREHAM, DORSET, Manager Wm. Baldwin.

The Bituminous Shale is a combination of animal and vegetable remains, found on the Coast of Dorsetshire; which, having undergone a process of distillation, is carefully manufactured, with other matters, into a MANURE


  • At Nine Elms, and at any Station on the South Western Railway, including bags - £2 10s od per ton
  • At The Factory £2 0s 0d
  • At Ditto, without bags £1 15s 0d

* Note. this deduction may vary according to the price paid by the Company for the sacks. Reference the fertilising properties of the Manure can made to the following Gentlemen, whose Testimonials appeared tins paper on the 19th inst. Viz:

  • Lord Padget, Woolverton, Hants
  • Capt. Alexander, The Auberies, Sudbury, Suffolk.
  • Rev. G. J. Fisher, Winfrith.
  • Mr. Thomas Randall, ditto.
  • Mr. Thomas Ingram. Bere.
  • Mr. J. Reader, Winfrith.
  • Mr. H. U. Coulthurst. New Inn, London.
  • Mr. J. A. Damen, Winfrith.
  • Mr. James Hart, Ash, Surrey.
  • Mr. Edwin Randall, Wareham.

ALSO. FOR SALE. RAW GROUND UNBURNT SHALE—a manure containing all the valuable properties, derivable from Fossil Organic Matter, Coproloties &c. &c.

Price at the Factory £2 2s.per Ton. Shale Ashes, per Horse Load £0, 5s per ton per 2 Horse ditto £0 10s.

AMMONIA WATER 1d. per Gallon.

For further Particulars apply Mr. William Baldwin. Shale Works. Wareham.

The Dorset County Chronicle, 28th August 1851



Registered pursuant to 7 and 8 Vict. c. 110. Office- 145, Upper Thames Street, London. Works—Wareham, Dorset.


  • H. B. Raymond Barker, Esq. 4, Garden Court, Temple.
  • Horace Green, Esq. Clapton Square.
  • J Edwin Pettit, Esq. 5, Ufton Grove, Kingsland.
  • G. S. Pickering, Esq. Clapham, Surrey.
  • W. P. Pickering, Esq.. Lincoln's Inn Fields
  • A. B. Pollock, Esq. 1, Elm Court, Temple.
  • A. Ricardo, Esq. 3. Charles Street, Lowndes Square.


The Bituminous Shale is a combination of Fossil Bones, Shells, and Vegetable Remains, found on the Coast of Dorsetshire; which, having first undergone a Process of Distillation, is carefully Manufactured, with other Matters, into a MANURE. It has been used by numerous Scientific Men and Practical Farmers on various Crops with the most satisfactory Results. It is at once Cheap, Durable, and Fertilizing, and the Shale being itself inexhaustible, the supply of the Manure will be uniform and without risk of Deterioration. Price £2. 10s. per Ton. Freight and Carriage extra, but moderate.

Testimonials and full Particulars may be had by Application to JOSEPH HINDHAUGH, 4B,WestmorelandTerrace, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Agent for the North of England and for Scotland.

The Newcastle Journal, 20th September 1851