Weymouth Schiste Advertisements, 1850

type: Beyond Scotland - Dorset

The Railway Times
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£3 per Ton at the Works Weymouth, superior to guano and all other animalised earthy fossil saline or compost manures.

The manufactory at Weymouth for the conversion of Bituminous Schale or Schistus into variety of useful products is so far completed as to the Proprietors to offer for sale THE CARBONACEOUS and AMMONIACAL RESIDUUM of the Schale or Schistus duly prepared for the above purpose. It consists of a combination of organic and other remains which formerly belonged to numberless generations of animals shells and plants. The Residuum contains an excess of carbon, fixed salts from the animal and vegetable matters such as Earthy and Alkaline Phosphates, Sulphates of Potash, Soda, Silicates of Alumina, Potash ,Soda and Magnesia to which is added Ammonia establishing by its valuable properties one of the most economical and beneficial ever offered to the Agricultural Public The results of the various trials and experiments have been made in the vicinity of Weymouth comparing them with other manures such as guano pigeon's horse, and cow dung, night soil, bone dust, soot, charcoal, various ashes and other calcareous and alkaline materials in combination have been witnessed by many of the first agriculturalists of the county of Dorset and many others distant counties who pronounce it one of the most important discoveries of latter years and are of opinion this manure produced by the Residuum of the Bituminous Schale or Schistus possesses all the requisite properties of the best manures which are considered essential for purposes in the present state of chemical knowledge.

An application for the supply to be made either to Mr W.C. Homersham, Schiste Works, Weymouth Dorset, or to C.F. Cheffins, Southampton Buildings Chancery Lane, London.


FOR SALE at the WORKS at WEYMOUTH or may be delivered to any part of the United Kingdom, the superior product of distillation of BITUMINOUS SCHALE or SCHISTUS .


  • 1st, a volatile oil, or mineral spirit;
  • 2nd, an oil of greater density;
  • 3rd, a fatty mineral oil;
  • 4th, parafine;
  • 5th, grease, slightly alkaline;
  • 6th, tar.

The volatile oil, or mineral spirit, is admirably adapted as a solvent, and may be used for all purposes to which the most highly rectified spirit or turpentine is employed or may be used for spirit and camphine lamps. The second oil not so very volatile, will dissolve in any propotion with seed or fish oil, of which it considerably augments their illuminating power, and prevents their becoming rancid. The third is admirably adapted for lubricating machinery, and contains the fourth, paraffine, which is easily obtained by crystallisation, and requiring but little treatment to make excellent candles. The fifth, a grease, superior to animal oil or fat for the use of carriages. sixth, tar, perfectly black, vary siccative, and which may be used generally for all purposes of varnish, and where mineral tar is employed.

Any Further information may be obtained either of Mr. W.C. Homersham, Schiste Works, Weymouth; or of Mr. C. P. CEFFINS, 11, Southampton buildings, Chancery-lane, London.

The Railway Times, 6th April 1850